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|Wysłany: Pon 14:49, 06 Gru 2010 Temat postu: Puma Sneakers The Mythology of Jade Puma Espera II
The Modern Value of Jade
During the 18th century Chinese Emperor Qianlong satisfied his obsession with jade by collecting a vast amount of the gemstone. This collection was looted by different invading nations and individuals – from the French and British crusades in China to the Japanese invasion and Chairman Mao. By the late 19th century jade had become popular with collectors from all over the world. Alfred Nobel and J P Morgan were among some of the gemstone’s most distinguished admirers.
The name “jade” is derived from the Spanish term “piedra de ijada”, meaning “loin stone”. It is claimed jade is an effective treatment against kidney disease. The Greek name for nephrite jade is “lapis nephriticus”, which means “kidney stone. Jade is said to benefit the immune system [link widoczny dla zalogowanych], cleanse the blood and soothe the nervous system.
The Healing Power of Jade
One legend claims that when the Mongols invaded China, the dragons wept for the Chinese people. When their tears reached Earth, they changed to jade. After jade was first discovered in the Black Jade and White Jade rivers women rather than men would gather the gemstones. Jade is considered a Yang or masculine force [link widoczny dla zalogowanych], meaning the gemstones would be attracted to the feminine Yin force and so be easier to collect.
Man has been working with and using jade for over 7,000 years. In prehistoric times jade’s strength made it a natural choice for crafting tools and weapons. The Ancient Egyptians revered jade as the stone of balance, harmony, love and inner peace. The Central American Aztec [link widoczny dla zalogowanych], Mayan and Olmec peoples held jade in even higher esteem than gold. The Maoris of New Zealand began carving weapons and cult artefacts from jade many centuries ago, a tradition that continues today.
Jade in Ancient China
In 1999 a jade bracelet was auctioned by Christie’s in Hong Kong for the remarkable price of $2.5 million – a record for the quality and size of jade. A 77 carat cabochon ring was sold for US$2.4 million.
References dating back to 3,000 BC state that the Chinese people referred to jade as “vu”, meaning “royal gem”. Jade has been revered throughout China’s long cultural history, used to craft the best artefacts and figurines. Jade was used to furnish the imperial family’s tombs. Chinese culture regards jade as representative of the Confucian values of compassion, courage, justice, modesty and wisdom.
In 1997 Christie’s in London sold a jadeite necklace for $10 million. The sale caught the attention of investigative reporters Adrian Levy and Cathy Scott-Clark, who went to Myanmar to investigate that country’s jade mining industry. Their shocking discoveries are detailed in the acclaimed book “The Stone of Heaven”, and prove the link between politics, power and oppressive leaders is not restricted to diamonds.
[link widoczny dla zalogowanych]
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